Pose and Maintenance

CHECKS AND WARNINGS… “PARQUET: FROM MANUFACTURE TO USE…”

A wood-based flooring, also called parquet, is made with single laying elements made of natural hardwood (called traditional) or, more and more, with multilayered elements consisting of two or three layers (improperly called “pre-finished” that, if manufactured with care, expertise and professionalism, feature better constructional, technical and qualitative characteristics as compared to the “traditional” elements, therefore exalting the innate qualities of natural hardwood as well as its typical and always unique properties.

Original Parquet S.p.A. leaves nothing to chance: everything is studied in depth, contemplated and taken into account to produce stable, performing and durable laying elements, which can also boast tested and proven quality. Actions and activities, which find their added value in enhanced manufacture, revealing and distinguishing it by bringing out creativity, design and style at the highest levels … in short, the quality of “Made in Italy”.

All the laying elements with the multilayered structure consist of a top layer of noble hardwood and one or more additional layers of wood-based materials glued together in compliance with the strictest European technical standards in force.

What characterizes and makes them special is the careful choice of raw materials, the thoroughness with which they are treated and the precision of the manufacturing and painting-finishing process. Unfaltering artisan care which ensures that every single manufactured element will always guarantee excellent performance while fully complying with the strictest performance requirements set forth by European standards.

 

ONGOING CHECK-UPS FROM MANUFACTURE TO USE

Original Parquet S.p.A., relying on its strong technique and experience accumulated over several decades in the business, and also to highlight the “Made in Italy” culture and style, has always been committed to producing laying elements for every possible use only after having performed the required checks and tests to prove the quality, the accuracy of the manufacturing-finishing stages and, last but not least, the correct information to its customers.

Everything is followed, step by step, with careful and continuous checks before the product is meticulously packaged and packed for shipment, never neglecting the documentation established by national and EU Laws, Directives and Regulations to objectify and univocally and clearly prove the real quality of its products.

Essentially… a continuous and daily check-up to increasingly prove our will to keep improving, not only as a business but also the quality of the products we offer, in a unique and independent manner.

 

CHECKS, WARNINGS AND ADVICE

Technical checks are very useful to grant our customers the best use and maintenance, over time, of the performance of the wooden elements supplied.

 

INSTALLATION ENVIRONMENT PRELIMINARY CHECKS

Before placing the pallets with the elements to be laid and before installing the parquet, a series of preliminary checks and inspections must be carried out to ascertain site suitability and the environmental conditions of the areas where the wooden elements are to be laid.

  • Check for the existence of the entrance door and that fixtures have been installed and their panes assembled.
  • Check that wall painting has been completed and that the paint has dried out, especially in the case where you need to install elements that have already been finished at the company facility.
  • On the other hand, if pre-polished or raw elements are to be installed, one must check that the walls have been painted, excluding the last coat, which will be applied after installing the parquet and before sanding the floor beds and applying the last finishing coat.
  • Check that all other building and finishing works have been completed such as, for example, masonry, sanitary fittings and so on.
  • Use a suitable specialist meter (hygrometer) to check that the room’s relative humidity is included in the 45% to 65% range also because it could be negatively affected by recent wall painting, by a too humid outdoor climate or bad thermal insulation.
  • Check that the indoor temperature of the areas where the elements are to be laid is as uniform as possible and between 15° C and 24° C because higher or lower temperatures facilitate the generation of anomalies when laying the wooden elements, the drying of adhesives and any finishing paints.
  • Check that the temperature of the rooms where the elements are laid can be considered as similar as possible to that of the rooms located below, all year round but especially in winter. In the absence of the aforesaid conditions, it is essential to be protected adequately from any onset of condensation at substrate level. Typical high-risk situations from this point of view are represented by heated rooms that overlook porches or unheated garages or in any case rooms that directly communicate with the outside and, last but not least, rooms, especially if poorly heated or cooled, which are above particularly hot and damp environments (e.g. saunas, indoor pools, gyms, etc.). Therefore, special attention must be paid to placing the vapor barrier or the heat shield.

 

SCREED (SUBSTRATE) CHECKS

Even before installing the wooden elements, the floor layer must always make sure that the laying surface, i.e. the screed (also called substrate) has the necessary and appropriate characteristics which indicate its suitability for receiving the elements to be laid. The checks to be performed are often simple but must be carried out with great care and attention because they are fundamental for the wooden flooring’s success.

  • Planarity and Height Check that there are no differences in level or any subsidence and/or projections on the laying surface such that the adhesive applied to the substrate does not allow the wood to be anchored as required. The check method is simple: place a 2 meter long metric rod (straight edge) on the screed surface and make sure there isn’t any subsidence greater than 2 mm. The foregoing check must be repeated several times depending on the surface to be paved with the parquet flooring.
  •  Compactness and Score Lines These checks are necessary because one must be sure that there is enough surface bonding and adequate resistance to the possible stresses of the future parquet. The method for checking for any score lines is very simple. Try to score the screed surface using a nail, generating an orthogonal grid. After cleaning the grid, observe whether or not any grooves or crumbles have appeared. A good screed must not crumble in any way. You will need a 500-gram mallet to assess substrate compactness. Beat the screed’s surface with the mallet’s knocker to see if it generates any cracks, fissures or marks. A screed is considered suitable if there are no cracks, fissures and/or marks on the surface but if you notice any of these anomalies, or if dust comes out during beating, you must not begin to install the parquet unless you have first consolidated the laying surface.
  • Fissures There must be no evident fissures on the laying surface because these can lead to localized occurrences of poor consistency and/or subsidence of the substrate. Only cracks, fissures and capillaries resulting from the physiological and natural shrinking of the screed are allowed. It goes without saying that if there are any blatant fissures they must be consolidated with suitable products before installation.
  • Residual humidity You must always check the screed’s moisture content % because many of the parquet’s properties will depend on this essential value. The moisture content % must be measured in different areas of the overall laying surface by choosing the most critical areas. The number of checks depends on how vast the surface to be paved with parquet floor is. The instrument to be used is the calcium carbide hygrometer. The number of checks to be performed and the value of the moisture content % that the screed must not exceed are shown in the following diagram.

MOISTURE CONTENT % AND NUMBER OF CHECKS TO BE PERFORMED (EXCERPT FROM UNI 11371 AND UNI 10329 STANDARDS)

  • Thickness The screed’s thickness is a fundamental characteristic to ensure the parquet will always remain stable, that it will not absorb too much heat coming from the heating system built into it and also to achieve the best bonding and adequacy of the entire system. For this purpose, the thickness of the screed above the pipes must never be less than 30 mm and, in the case of radiant systems, in order to limit the formation of fissures it is advisable to embed an electro-welded wire mesh into the screed having appropriate mesh and diameter suitable for the flooring’s final intended use.

It is also possible to lay a floor on a screed the thickness of which is not less than 20 mm provided it has been carried out in accordance with point 4.2.1.4 of the UNI 11371 Standard.

For completeness of information the following table provides examples of screed thicknesses envisaged for the various types of cementitious or special wood-based screeds.

  • Cleaning Cleaning must be carried out thoroughly and with care to ensure the laying surface is free from oil, wax, grease, detaching substances, dust, color or paint stains, remains of other inadequate substances or which can compromise the adhesiveness of the materials used.
  • Mechanical strength This check is the responsibility of the company that made the screed and its purpose is to assess whether the screed bonds throughout its thickness, if it is compact and if it has sufficient compressive strength. The company that makes the substrate is responsible for this check.
  • If moisture and/or other characteristics are not deemed suitable or do not fall within the values set forth by UNI 11371, it is advisable to consult with companies that manufacture finishes, primers, consolidating systems, leveling compounds, skim coats, adhesion promoters, waterproofing insulating materials, degreasers or de-waxing products in order to decide which ones to use and how to use them to restore the screed.

For any further information, please refer to the UNI 11371 Standard which, among other things, establishes that in order to ascertain the conformity of the substrate, the installer is responsible for carrying out checks on: planarity, height, moisture content %, cracks, compactness, score lines and cleaning. On the other hand, the company that prepared the screed is responsible for checking the thickness, height, planarity, compactness and mechanical strength and must then issue, for all the above, the “declaration of conformity” of the screed’s properties in accordance with UNI 11371.

 

CHECKS FOR SCREED WITH HEATING/COOLING SYSTEM

  • These are substrates that have been widely used in the last few years because they reduce consumption if well calibrated and properly used. If you find yourself in this situation, the required checks to be performed are as follows:
  • Pay the utmost attention to detecting the possible presence of insulating or lightening materials with open cells such as expanded clay, expanded vermiculite and so on, because they are characterized by high water retention capacity.
  • Check that the correct preheating cycle (thermal shock) has been carried out according to the system manufacturer’s specific directions and that this has been duly declared.
  • The distance between the laying surface and the underlying heating units must never be less than 30 mm.
  • In the case of cementitious screed, the residual moisture content % must never exceed 1.7%.
  • The temperature of the laying surface must not exceed 25° C – 26°C so that there will be a temperature not higher than 22° C – 23° C on the parquet floor.
  • Check the suitable technical specifications previously analyzed for the screed.

 

CHECK FOR EXISTING LAYING SURFACES

In the event you are laying on existing floors that have been subjected to special surface treatments (such as with wax or glazing), before laying the wooden elements with adhesive you should rough the walking surface with muriatic acid or with water and soda and then scrape it to promote the anchoring and gripping of the wooden element with the adhesive.

 

CERAMIC OR STONE FLOORS

Before installing the wooden elements, check the following:

  • Moisture content % which must be the same as that envisaged for cementitious screeds (1.7% to 2%).
  • Solidity of the existing floor i.e. there must not be any crumbled, cracked or broken tiles or marble chip tiles.
  • Floor constraints to the substrate; i.e. that the individual elements grip properly to the substrate.
  • Gripping capacity of the existing laying surface. In other words, determine the adequacy between the material of the existing floor and the adhesive that will be used to glue the wooden elements.

 

PVC, LINOLEUM AND CARPET FLOORS

  • In addition to that stated above, great care must be taken to mechanically remove all traces of old adhesives. If some traces cannot be removed, you will have to use a type of adhesive that is compatible with the residues in order to avoid the risk of chemical reactions that could negatively affect the adhesion of the adhesive itself.

 

WOODEN FLOORS

These floors are usually a good surface for laying new wooden floors but, in addition to that stated above. you will need to determine and check that:

  • The old parquet adheres properly to the substrate.
  • There are no elements that are excessively worm-eaten or that have traces of moisture. If this is the case you will have to remove them and restore the laying surface before laying the new parquet.
  • It is advisable to lay the new elements in an orthogonal direction or at a 45-degree angle with respect to the direction of the existing wooden flooring.

 

SOME WARNINGS AND TIPS FOR INSTALLING PARQUET WITH ADHESIVE

Before installing the wooden elements with the gluing technique, take the utmost care to:

  • Keep the packages indoors inside rooms protected from adverse weather conditions.
  • Isolate the packages from the ground and stack them so that they will not be deformed.
  • Place the elements’ packages inside the rooms where they are to be installed.
  • Make sure that room humidity and temperature have reached the appropriate levels, i.e.: air relative humidity between 45% and 65% and temperature between 16 and 24° C.

 

SOME WARNINGS AND TIPS FOR INSTALLING FLOATING PARQUET

Before installing the elements with the floating technique, take the utmost care to:

  • Carry out the checks analyzed for the screeds.
  • Spread the polyethylene sheet over the screed’s surface. It is advisable to overlap and tape the sheets for about 100 mm and continue up into the walls for not less than the height of the skirting board.
  • Spread the sheets or the rolls of thermal-acoustic insulation mat as specified by the manufacturer.
  • As you gradually lay the wooden elements, fit some plastic or wooden wedges between the parquet elements and the perimeter of the room exactly where the required perimeter expansion joint is, the breadth of which should be between 8 and 10 mm. The wedges should be removed after about one or two days depending on humidity conditions; if humidity is high, remove them after a few hours.
  • The individual wooden elements are joined by spreading a tiny bit of glue on the lower part of the female wedge.
  • The adhesive should consist of vinyl glue.
  • If the walls of the room in which you lay the wooden elements are straight, start from the corner opposite the door as normally occurs when covering the flooring with tiles.
  • The elements fit together to their limit until they stop against a piece of wastage on which the male or female wedge (according to need) is left intact. If possible, use appropriate equipment to help yourself to “pull” the floor.
  • Any adhesive that comes out of the joints must be quickly removed with a sponge dampened with water.
  • The last element of a row can be laid simply using a mallet.

 

SOME WARNINGS AND TIPS FOR INSTALLING PARQUET ON WOOD PANELS

In order to install wooden elements on a support consisting of various types of wood panels (for example multilayer, OSB), be sure to:

  • Carry out the checks analyzed for the screeds.
  • It is not recommended to use wood panels as a subfloor where there is a floor heating system as this would significantly increase the thermal insulation by reducing the system’s performance.
  • Spread a double sheet of polyethylene on the screed’s surface. Overlap the sheets by about 100 mm and continue up into the walls for at least 100 mm and in any case not less than the height of the skirting board.
  • The thickness of the panels to be installed must be 20 mm and staggered in a regular straight laying geometry.
  • The panels can be anchored to the substrate by carefully pouring a waterproof resin (e.g. polyurethane) into the hole where the panels are to be fixed.
  • The laying pattern of the elements should be oblique or transverse to that of the panels to prevent them from overlapping the elements’ junction points with the junction points between the panels.
  • Leave a perimeter joint so that the panels will not touch the walls.

 

CHECKS FOR PARQUETS INSTALLED WITH THE GLUING TECHNIQUE

Keeping in mind that a wooden floor assessment is made at head height and with light coming from behind, the technical checks to be carried out once the parquet floor has been laid are as follows:

  • Gluing The check is carried out using a 500-gram mallet having a rigid plastic head to identify zones with a hollow sound, which means that there is no adhesion and/or grip between wooden element and underlying screed. The aforesaid hammering action must be performed over the parquet’s entire surface. Gluing is considered suitable if none of the checked elements produced deaf sounds for a length greater than 20% of the element’s length and if none of the laid elements has traces of adhesive on the sides and on the heads.
  • Planarity This check is carried out by placing a 2-meter long rigid rod (straight edge) on different positions of the surface paved with the parquet floor and using wedges with millimeter scale to be inserted into any interstices between the surface of the parquet and the rigid rod. Flatness is considered suitable if no measurement in any position of the parquet exceeds the arrow by 2 mm.
  • Aligning the elements This check is carried out by placing a 2-meter long rigid rod (straight edge) on the parquet’s surface in the direction of the laying geometry and using a 1/20 mm gauge. The alignment is considered regular if the maximum staggering between the rigid rod and the sides or the edge of the elements is less than 1 mm, if the installation is in irregular or regular straight pattern, and 0.5 mm if the installation is in herringbone pattern. In the case of elements longer than 150 mm, the staggered pattern is considered regular if it is less than or equal to 0.2% of the width of the single element laid.
  • Coplanarity between adjacent floors In the case where there is a parquet floor with a contiguous flooring of a different material, the coplanarity between the two floors must be checked using a comparator equipped with a support and a ground rigid plane. Coplanarity is deemed adequate if the stagger between the two flooring levels is less than or equal to 2 mm.
  • Expansion joints This check is carried out using a flexible or rigid meter (1 mm precision); check both the perimeter joints, the intermediate joints and those in neighboring areas between adjacent rooms (such as the sills). The perimeter joints are deemed adequate if they are at least 8 mm wide and never greater than the skirting board thickness (if the elements’ thickness is less than or equal to 10 mm the width of the perimeter joints can be reduced to 6 mm). The intermediate joints are deemed suitable if they are 8 mm wide and not wider than that envisaged in the design while the expansion joints in neighboring areas between adjacent rooms are deemed suitable if they are between 5 and 8 mm wide.
  • For any further and more detailed information, please consult the UNI 11368-1 technical standard.

Other simple and common checks and warnings are summarized below although they are not governed by regulations but directly affect the quality of the installation of a parquet floor:

  • Avoid creating parquets with strong contrasts of dark and light color tones of wood, very often caused by the lack or the incorrect mixing of colors and/or the design of the wooden elements laid.
  • Avoid using filler and adhesive as much as possible on the sides and the heads of the laid elements.
  • If you need to protect the parquet, do not cover it with plastic or cardboard sheets but use breathable non-woven fabric sheeting.
  • If you need to finish the surface on site, take care not to score or dent it.
  • If you are laying the parquet in large rooms, foresee an intermediate expansion joint at least every 10 meters parallel to the wood grain and every 30 meters lengthwise.
  • We recommend a perimeter gap of about 10 mm for floor sizes greater than 6mX6m.
  • If possible, the elements should be laid along the room’s length so as to minimize the butt joints between the elements.

 

CHECK FOR PARQUETS WITH ELEMENTS INSTALLED WITH THE FLOATING TECHNIQUE

Unlike glued parquets, the checks to be performed for these types of parquets are summarized as follows:

  • Planarity The methodology is like that established for parquets laid with adhesive and the wooden floor is considered suitable only if there are no arrows greater than 3 mm in any of the measuring positions.
  • Elastic deflection This check is carried out using specific testing equipment equipped with the load-application and deflection measurement system. Following the applied load, equal to a weight of 15± 0.75 kg, the parquet is deemed suitable if the recorded values are less than or equal to 0.8 mm at each measuring point.
  • Openings between flooring elements The check for any openings between the elements of the wood or parquet flooring is carried out using a 0.20 mm thickness gauge, holding it at a distance of 75 mm from the penetrating head. The openings between the elements are determined by trying to insert the thickness gauge in 13 positions between contiguous elements without applying a force capable of deforming it. The parquet is to be deemed suitable if the thickness gauge does not penetrate between the elements for more than 1 mm in any point of the measuring positions.
  • Check for differences in level between adjacent floors In the case in which there is a parquet floor with a contiguous flooring of a different material, the coplanarity between the two floors must be verified using a comparator equipped with a support and a ground rigid plane. Coplanarity is deemed adequate if the stagger between the two flooring levels is less than or equal to 2 mm, barring different design requirements.
  • Check the expansion joints This check is carried out using a flexible or rigid meter (1 mm precision); check both the perimeter joints, the intermediate joints and those in neighboring areas between adjacent rooms (such as the sills). The perimeter expansion joints are suitable if they are at least 8 mm wide and not thicker than the skirting board base in any point; the intermediate ones are considered suitable if they are at least 8 mm wide and not greater than that envisaged at the planning stage while the intermediate ones at the separation sills between adjacent rooms are to be considered suitable if the width is between 5 and 8 mm.
  • Check the finish for elements to be completed on site This check is visual and the finish is considered suitable if paint does not overlap or if there are only isolated elements containing traces of impurities (such as: atmospheric dust, fibers and brush bristles) and if there are no fish eyes caused by silicone residues on the flooring’s surface before the finishing step.
  • For any further and more detailed information, please consult the UNI 11368-2 technical standard.

Other simple and common checks and warnings are summarized below although they are not governed by regulations but directly affect the quality of the installation of a floating parquet:

  • Avoid creating parquets with strong contrasts of dark and light color tones of wood, very often caused by the lack or the incorrect mixing of colors and/or the design of the wooden elements to be laid.
  • Remove traces of adhesive from the sides and the heads of the laid elements.
  •  If you need to protect the parquet, do not cover it with plastic or cardboard sheets but use breathable non-woven fabric sheeting.
  • If you need to finish the surface on site, take care not to score or dent it.
  • If you are laying the parquet in large rooms, foresee an intermediate expansion joint at least every 10 meters parallel to the wood grain and every 30 meters lengthwise.
  • We recommend a perimeter gap of about 10 mm for floor sizes greater than 6mx6m.
  • If possible, the elements should be laid along the room’s length so as to minimize the butt joints between the elements.
  • The pre-painted parquet can be cleaned the first time two days after laying it while for parquets finished on site the first cleaning operation should be carried out not sooner than seven days after installation.

 

SOME WARNINGS AFTER INSTALLATION

The period that goes from the end of the parquet installation to the time the people who will live in the residence move in is very important because during this time the parquet begins to stabilize at the room’s hydro-thermal conditions. If these conditions are not perfect they may facilitate the occurrence of anomalies such as: fissures, capillaries and cracks due to wood shrinkage; raising, sinking and/or distortions due to abnormal wood swelling. There are defects that can be avoided if some simple practical rules are adhered to, such as:

  • Placing a clean doormat at the entrance of the residence.
  • Properly cleaning one’s shoe soles on the doormat.
  • Properly cleaning the surface of the parquet with detergents recommended by the elements’ manufacturer or using a rag dampened with warm water.
  • Temperature should never be lower than 15° C and never higher than 24° C to 25° C.
  • The relative humidity in the air should never be less than 40% and never exceed 65%.
  • If the rooms are left empty and nobody lives in them for some time, do not cover the parquet.
  • Make sure air is exchanged and that there is enough ventilation to allow the parquet (and not only) to breathe.
  • Do not place weights, packs or anything else on the parquet that would prevent the wood from transpiring and that would cause changes in color and inevitably lead to color differences.
  • You should apply the finishing coat to the walls once the parquet has been installed. If this is not the case, temporarily protect the parquet’s walkable surface with breathable sheeting only for the time required to paint the walls.

 

SOME WARNINGS ON USING THE PARQUET

To ensure that the parquet’s performance will be guaranteed for many years, it is advisable to put into practice some simple common-sense measures such as:

  • Placing a clean doormat at the entrance of the residence.
  • Properly cleaning one’s shoe soles on the doormat.
  • Maintaining temperature between 16° C and 22° C and air relative humidity between 45% and 65%. Environmental hydrometric changes with respect to the aforesaid intervals, and/or inconsistent temperatures of any underfloor heating/cooling system (above 24° C), can encourage the formation of shrinking, leaks, uncoupling, sagging and/or lack of planarity of the surface, partial detachments and/or delaminating between the layers of the wooden element.
  • Ventilate rooms frequently.
  • Do not place heavy weights on the parquet, concentrated in small zones.
  • Do not cover the parquet with carpets for the first few months.
  • Stick felt pads under the feet of chairs and furniture.
  • The falling of sharp or differently pointed objects causes scores and dents.
  • The presence of animals causes the formation of scores, dents, stains and streaks.
  • As far as castor-fitted objects and furniture are concerned, make sure they are fitted with rubber wheels for wooden floors finished with paint, oil or wax.
  • The falling of embers and open flames causes burns.
  • Over time, ultraviolet rays change the color and tones of the wood’s noble layer and finishing layer (oxidation effect).
  • Too low wood humidity causes it to shrink whereas too high humidity causes it to swell.
  • If you spill water or other liquids on the parquet, wipe them off immediately using absorbent cloths and then clean the stained area with a rag slightly dampened with water.
  • In summer make sure that the sun does not shine directly on the parquet for several hours because it would cause both micro-fissures and the change or alteration of the color of the wood species.
  • If the parquet is installed in the kitchen or in the bathroom, wash the floor right after use with a rag dampened with water and well wrung.

 

WARNINGS FOR CLEANING AND PERFORMING MAINTENANCE TO THE PARQUET

In order to keep the properties and performance of the parquet unchanged over time, it is advisable to put into practice the following simple tips:

ROUTINE MAINTENANCE

  • Placing a clean doormat at the entrance of the residence.
  • Properly cleaning one’s shoe soles on the doormat.
  • Remove dust and clean the parquet on a regular basis using a vacuum cleaner fitted with parquet brushes.
  • To wash and clean the parquet, use a rag dampened with water and well wrung.
  • To wash and clean the parquet you can also use a neutral detergent for wooden floors, recommended by the manufacturer of the laid wooden elements.
  • If deemed necessary, the parquet can be treated periodically with protective resin-based products in aqueous dispersion, recommended by the elements’ manufacturer. Do not use foamy or harsh products.

Information, by way of example, on maintenance frequency for painted, oiled and waxed parquets:

 

SPECIAL MAINTENANCE

After years and years of daily use the parquet may be worn, damaged or its color may have changed both due to light exposure and to the natural phenomenon of wood oxidation. To revive the flooring and restore the wood to its original state, you can perform special maintenance to the walkable surface through the following typical steps:

  • Replacing any damaged elements.
  • Sanding the walkable surface.
  • Plastering, if need be.
  • New painting-finishing cycle.

Thanks to the advantage that parquet can be renewed, restored and reclaimed, you will ensure the maintenance of parquet performance for many more years.

 

CONCLUSION

Wood’s natural varying color, the anisotropy, uniqueness and unrepeatability of its veins and texture and pattern are characteristics that could appear to be limiting and negative but in actual fact are more than positive because they identify and characterize wood which, for these specificities, is highly appreciated by architects, designers, interior designers, interior decorators and consumers.

All this because everything is monitored, checked, inspected and executed on a daily basis with care, craftsmanship and experience so that one can characterize and highlight wood’s intrinsic strength and visual, sensorial and aesthetic qualities that are the dreams of men and women who seek to tame technology by engineering what nature cannot do.

The installation elements we supply for wooden floors prove our unending application of the pillars of total quality in the spasmodic and ongoing search to create wooden elements for parquets, which are the result of the putting into practice of our 10 commandments:

  • Devised with Italian creativity, design and style.
  • Designed with a planned engineering study.
  • Consisting of selected raw materials coming from reliable sources, respecting ethics and eco-sustainability.
  • Manufactured with state-of-the-art innovative production facilities and followed throughout the production process with extreme craftsmanship.
  • Monitored and subjected to the most rigorous verifications laid down by national and European rules and regulations.
  • Strong, resistant and durable because they meet all the most stringent European performance requirements.
  • Free of toxic substances, radioactivity and contaminants harmful to health.
  • Packaged with skill and care and shipped in complete safety.
  • CE marked with the endorsement of strict tests carried out by laboratories accredited at European level.
  •  Accompanied by all the documentation established by laws, decrees and directives, as well as useful tips, warnings and checks that, step by step, allow the monitoring of all stages and help users to get the very best to satisfy every personal, private or public need.

This mix of passion, expertise, skill and professionalism represents the attention and care that is given to every detail, typical of Italian artisan excellence.

… In a nutshell …

360-degree quality, step by step, to confirm the spasmodic desire and will to improve continuously.